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Green Tree Frog

Litoria caerulea

Green Tree Frog
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Common Green Tree Frog • Litoria caerulea
Found in a wide variety of habitats, including human dwellings, this is one of Australia's largest and most common frogs, native to Australia and New Guinea. Introduced population are also found in New Zealand and the United States.

White’s Tree Frog was the first Australian frog scientifically classified, and named in honour of the first person to describe the species, John White (who was a botanical collector and principal surgeon during the First Fleet to Australia.

The species was originally called the ‘blue frog’ (Rana caerulea), and although White’s Tree Frog was green, the specimen he sent to England was damaged by the preservative and appeared blue. The reason is because the colour of the frog is caused by blue and green pigments covered in a yellow layer. The preservative the specimen was kept in, destroyed the yellow layer and left the frog with a blue colouration. The specific epithet, caerulea, which is Latin for blue, has remained the same.

Green tree frogs can actually range from olive green through bright green, to brown, changing colour from one hour to the next. Not at all timid they are often found cohabitating with humans in showers and toilets. Their distribution ranges from the northern and eastern regions of Australia and southern New Guinea. It is also found surviving in the warmer northern part of Victoria.

All frog species have sensitive skins that are protected by a moist coating containing many chemicals. This species secretes the chemical Caerllein now artificially is used in human medicine.


Common Green Tree Frog (Litoria caerulea)

Common Name Scientific Name Where Found
Green Tree Frog,
White’s Tree Frog,
Dumpy Tree Frog
Litoria caerulea NSW, QLD, SA, VIC
Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Hylidae
Genus: Litoria
Species: L caerulea
Litoria caerulea • Images
Common Green Tree Frog (Litoria caerulea) Common Green Tree Frog (Litoria caerulea)  

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Other links - Green Tree Frog (Litoria caerulea)

Tree Frogs Anonymous • Out Territory
• Check out this diary and log on the frogs in the Katherine Region of the Northern Territory.
Common Green Tree-frog • Chambers Wildlife Rainforest Lodges
• Includes some info and images on the Green Tree Frog.
White’s Tree Frog
• Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia • Includes information and images.
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