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Botanical Glossary

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Botanical Glossary
B C F G H I L M R S T
Following is a selection of botanical names and their meanings.

For a full listing of botanical names and their meanings, a search by any of the search engines will usually provided you with the answer. In fact there are many online dictionaries, with some that are specific to your field of interest.

B
Bifoliolate Having two leaflets.
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C
Calyx The outer whorl of sepals of a flower.
Corolla the petals of a flower collectively.
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F
Fibrils small slender fibers or filaments.
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G
Glabrous Having a smooth surface; hairless.
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H
Hirsute
covered with hair; hairy. (Botany usage) means covered with stiff or coarse hairs.
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I
Inflorescence Is the arrangement of flowers on a stem or axis, as in a spike or umbel.
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L
Lanceolate
Shaped like the blade of a lance, tapering from a rounded base to an apex.
Lignotuber
Woody tuber/root/tuberous rootstock that stores water.
Linear
Long and narrow with more or less parallel edges.
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M
Mucronate Pointed, abruptly terminated by a sharp spine.
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P
Perianth
(Botany usage) the calyx and corolla of a flower, especially where the two are similar.
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R
Racemes
An inflorescence where series of lateral flowers is arranged along a single stem. Each flower has it own stem. Youngest flower being at the apex.
Revolute
Rolled backward from the tip or margins to the under-surface, such as found in a revolute leaf.
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S
Sepal
(Botany) the separate, usually green parts of the outer whorl of non-fertile parts surrounding the fertile organs of a flower, that form the calyx of a flower.
Striate With parallel lines or grooves.
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T
Trifoliolate
Having three leaves or leaflets.
Tomentose
(Botany usage) covered with matted woolly hairs; a tomentose leaf.
 
 
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