‘The City of Roses’
Named after Henry Goulburn Secretary
of State for War and the Colonies, Goulburn is Australia’s oldest
inland city being declared as such on 14 March 1863. In the early
years the areas was known as Argyle in honour of Governor
Macquarie’s native Scotland town of Argyle. Goulburn’s 1st street
plans were drawn up in 1828 and in the early days had a reputation
as a garrison town with few women and a rough atmosphere.
aboriginal tribes inhabited the area before white settlement the
Gandangara and the Ngunawal peoples. Both tribes came into contact
with white people in the early 1820’s most of their languages and
customs eventually being lost. The Ngunawal managed to survive the
ravages of disease and dispossession only to then be assimilated
into white society.
Today Goulburn is a bustling rural city with
many fine colonial buildings gracing its wide streets, being a centre for
rural industries and manufacturing, the city also boast a fine array of
parks and gardens and the magnificent cathedral St Saviours.