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Kiandra

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New South Wales, Australia

Kiandra
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Kiandra - Snowy Mountain and Victorian Alps Townships and Localities
Located at the intersection of the Snowy Mountains Highway and the Cabramurra Road (about 37 km from Adaminaby), Kiandra was once a thriving gold mining town boasting a population of some 15,000. Today it is now a depot for the RTA.

Although a number of people claimed credit for being the first to discover gold in 1859, whoever it was, started the gold rush that saw the number of miners swell to about 10,000 miners in Kiandra and the surrounding areas such as Four Mile, Six Mile, Eight Mile, Nine Mile (these being the distances from Kiandra), North and South Bloomfield and Simpson diggings.

By March 1860, there were claims that up to 500 ounces of gold being extracted per day. Occasionally there as the big strike, such as the miner who found a 25 pound nugget near the then Kiandra township. Although the official records show 72,000 ounces of gold being collected, a considerable amount was probably never reported.
 

Over the years the miners employed a variety of methods by which to extract the gold, including panning, cradling, puddling machines and dredging. the most profitable method seems to have been ground and hydraulic sluicing from which good returns were made.

Part off the heritage walk up to Kiandra cemetery.At its peak, the town comprised a bank, post office, 25 stores, 13 bakers, 16 butchers, 14 hotels, 4 blacksmiths, a courthouse, gaol, school and local newspaper. The town also held horse races, cricket matches and social dances.

Kiandra is often claimed to be the birthplace of skiing in Australia. Miners use to strapped palings of alpine ash to their feet to ski down the hills. by the 1870s annual ski carnivals were organised with Kiandra producing some of the best skiers of the time.

There is a self-guided heritage walk that includes signs on the sites of many of the main buildings, providing a look into the past. There are also mining machinery displays on the Kiandra/Cabramurra road. There is an informative 2 km heritage walk that takes you to the old Kiandra cemetery. There are also other longer day and overnight walks to the other mining areas. Contact the NSW Parks & Wildlife Service for further information.

Did you know:  The name ‘Kiandra’ was probably derived from an Aboriginal word, ‘Giandarra’, which was what the area was called for many years.

Source: NSW Parks & Wildlife Service

Check out our listing of Snowy Mountains accommodation. In addition to our listed online travel guide information, contact the local tourism visitor centre for your destination for more attractions, tours, local maps and other information.

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Kiandra Attractions

Kiandra Gold Rush (1859-1860)
• The rush broke out after payable gold was discovered here in Pollock's Gully in November 1859. By March-April 1860, there were more than 10,000 men on the Kiandra Gold Field - several thousands endured the winter snows, ill-prepared and mostly under canvas. However, the very rich shallow alluvial gold was quickly worked out and by March 1861 the population was reduced to 250.

The Gold Escort took away 67,687 oz in 1860 and 16,567 oz in 1861. The official total production was 172,000 oz. The gold was mostly alluvial. Large nuggets up to 28 pounds in weight were found, mostly close to the present village.

Source: reconstructed from the original sign erected by the Cooma-Monaro Historical Society and Kosciusko State Park Trust, unveiled by Hon. J. B. Simpson, M.L.A., Minister for Mines, on 14th November, 1959


Kiandra Cemetery
• The cemetery, dating back to the 1860's, is recorded on old survey plans and in various historical records. It was divided into two sections, European and Chinese. The remains of he Chinese  were customarily exhumed and transported back to China.

The number of people buried here remains unknown. ravages of time and interference by vandals have left only remnants of the cemetery.

Cemetery Records
• Between 1891 and 1912 records indicate that 47 people were buried here. Details of their deaths are listed below:
  Age Number Cause of Death Number  
  0-3 years 19 Accidents 2  
  4-20 years 4 Suicides 1  
  21-40 years 2 Juvenile diseases 4  
  41-50 years 4 Respiratory diseases 15  
  51-60 years 2 Other diseases 9  
  61-70 years 9 Exposure 2  
  71-80 years 4 Natural causes 5  
  81-90 years 1 Old age 6  
  Unknown 2 Unknown 3  
  Total 47 Total 47  

Please follow the pathways and treat the graves with respect. To view images of the remaining grave sites, click here...


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