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Lord Howe Island Group

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Lord Howe Island Group - Cities, Towns and Localities
One of just four island groups to be awarded the World Heritage Listing (1982) and surrounded by Marine Parks managed by the NSW and Australian Governments, Lord Howe Island and its surrounding islets are the remnants of a large shield volcano that erupted from the sea floor about seven million years ago. It is part of a series of volcanic pinnacles which lie on a submarine ridge which runs from the north island of New Zealand. The pinnacles include Balls Pyramid (at 552 metres, 25km south-east of Lord Howe Island); Gower Island; Sugarloaf Island; Mutton Bird Island (just east of the central part of Lord Howe Island); Blackburn (Rabbit) Island (in the lagoon on the western side of Lord Howe Island); and the Admiralty Island Group (immediately to the north-east of Lord Howe Island).

Located east of Port Macquarie in the South Pacific Ocean, the island has the southern-most coral reef in the world, and some spectacular cliffs and mountains up to 875 metres high. Over the past 130,000 years, sand and saltwater have combined to form a rock known as calcarenite, which is common on parts of the island. This calcarenite has fossilised a number of unusual extinct creatures including a large horned turtle.

Lord Howe Island with the Settlement in foreground.

The Island is 11 km long and 2.8 km at its widest point, with an area of 1,455 ha, two-thirds of which is covered in forests, giant Banyan trees and Kentia Palms. Two volcanic mountains dominate, Mount Lidgbird and Mount Gower. The southern one, Mount Gower rises to 875 metres from the sea, with black cliffs of basalt and steeply forested slopes. The northern part of the island is a series of low hills that slope gently up from the west to a height of about 200 metres. On the east side they drop as sheer cliffs into the sea. Several low-lying areas between the hills in the north and the mountains in the south have been partially cleared for settlement.

Lord Howe IslandThe region is home to over 500 species of fish and 90 species of coral. Lord Howe Island is also a bird watchers paradise, attracting bird watchers from around the world. There are over 130 species birds, with bird breeding colonies including the Red-Tailed Tropical Bird, Sooty Tern, Noddy Term, Providence petrel and the Masked Booby. It is also home to rare endangered Woodhen.

There is much to see and do, from the many scenic bush walks and trails, bird watching, snorkelling, fishing, relaxing on the beaches or just enjoying the natural beauty of the island.

Location: 550 km east of Port Macquarie on the NSW coast, 700 km north-east of Sydney, part of the NSW.

Access: less than two hours by plane from Sydney or Brisbane, or by boat.

Population: There are 280 permanent residents, with visitor numbers limited by law to a maximum of 393 visitors at any one time.

Check out our listing of Lord Howe Island accommodation. In addition to our listed online travel guide information, contact the local tourism visitor centre for your destination for more attractions, tours, local maps and other information.

Information Centre

Lord Howe Island Tourism Association
Visitors Centre and Museum
Neds Beach Road
Ph: +61 2 6563 2195
Toll: 1300 240 937 (Freecall Aust only)
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