Mount Annan / Mount Annan Botanic Garden - Cities, Towns and Localities
Located in the Macarthur region,
between Campbelltown and
Camden, Mount Annan is home to the
Australian native plant garden of the
Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney and at 416
hectares, it is the largest botanic garden in Australia.
Opened in 1988 by the Duchess of York, it was formerly grazing farmland, but now
displays over 4,000 native plants species from around Australia, with the aim to
include many of our 25,0000 known plant species.
The botanic garden offers a number of attractions and houses their horticultural
research facilities and NSW Seedbank. There are a number of easy walks, nursery,
shop, cafe and kiosk to also enjoy.
Includes the restaurant/cafe, gardens shop,
education display. There are also walks and guided tours.
Points of Interest
All these points of interest can be found on the numerous brochures available from the
- Wollemi Pine
Opposite the Visitor Centre and Garden Shop you can view the botanical find
of the centre, the Wollemi Pine.
- Terrace Garden
Starting opposite the Visitor Centre, you can follow the path through
ancient ferns cycads and conifers, continuing on past some of the earliest
forms of rainforest. Beyond these are the recently evolved flowering plants
including grass trees, grevilleas and gum trees, to finally end at The
- Lakeside and Grasslands
Lake Fitzpatrick and Lake Sedgewick (the lower lake) are named after local
pioneer families who once owned and farmed the land which now form part of
Mount Annan Botanic Garden. If you walk through the native grasslands along
the ridge, you will see how close the new houses have come to the western
- Sundial of Human Involvement
Located on sundial Hill, about 1 km along Caley Drive, near a saddle of
Mount Annan. From here, there are spectacular 360 degree views of the
surrounding countryside, and on a clear day you will see the city of Sydney
to the north-east and the Blue Mountains to the west.
The Sundial of Human Involvement is dedicated to the memory of Winifred
Macarthur-Onslow, who lived in and loved this countryside, and is a gift to
the Mount Annan Botanic Garden from her daughters.
- Lake Nadungamba and Bird Hide
Lake Nadungamba (Lake of the Flowers), has a bird hide, that can give you
views across the Lake and an ideal spot to watch the waterbirds that can
include coots, grebes, spoonbills and occasionally black swans.
- Historic Water Canal
Located south of Lake Nadungamba, and constructed in the late 1800s, this was a main supply canal for Sydney
bringing water from the southern dams. The 66 km water flow is entirely
gravity fed and is now the main supply of water for the garden.
- The Volcano
Located north of Mount Annan summit, this hill is a volcanic plug. The hard
dolerite rock that occurs here was quarried many years ago for road base.
After the summer rains, native grasses can be found growing here.
- Mount Annan Summit
Mount Annan Summit has the highest point in the botanic garden. On the
western side of the hill there is still evidence of the large-scale African
Olive weed invasion that was first introduced by the 19th century pioneers.
Work continues to prevent the weed spreading, as more replanting of native
species continue. Colonies of Wallaroos and Swamp Wallabies can be seen here
in the early morning or evening. Wallaroos are dark grey, with coarse fur,
and the males are darker around the nostrils. Swamp Wallabies are brown with
black ears, feet and tail, and with an orange belly.
- Wildflower Festival - Native Paper Daisies Display
In 1699, William Dampier collected from Shark Bay in Western Australia, the
first Australian daisy, a Brachyscome.
Today, spring heralds one of Mount Annan Botanic Garden's most popular features,
the paper daisy beds at Lakeside and the Terrace Garden. The flowers are
grown from seed stock that originated from Western Australia. Seeds and
information about how to grow them are available from the Visitor Centre.
- Banksia Garden
Located on the south loop of Caley Drive, Banksia Garden displays members of
the banksia family (family Proteaceae) that include banksias, hakeas
and grevilleas. This is a good spot for a picnic or barbecue.
- Wattle Garden
Only 300 m from the Banksia Garden you will see tree species of wattle on
the right hand side. This is the Wattle Arboretum. A kilometre further on
your left is the Wattle (Acacia) Garden. Spring is the peak time to
see the wattles in full bloom.
- Bottlebrush Garden
About 150 m past the Wattle Garden is the Bottlebrush (Callistemon)
Garden. The peak flowering period is late October to early November, with a
subsequent flowering in autumn. The garden includes picnic and barbecue
- Trees from around Australia
The botanic garden contains some wonderful examples of the many Australian
trees including River Red Gums (Eucalyptus obtusa), Kurrajongs (Brachychiton
populneus subsp. trilobus), Illawarra Flame Tree (Brachychiton
acerifolius), Queensland Bottle Trees (Brachychiton rupestris), Mountain Ash
(Eucalyptus regnans), Narrow-leaved Ironbark (Eucalyptus crebra),
Mugga Ironbark (Eucalyptus sideroxylon), Camden White Gum (Eucalyptus
benthamii), to name just a few. Some trees have been planted in
special 'themed gardens' with picnic and barbecue facilities available
Brochures and pamphlets are available from the Visitor Centre.
View some of our
images from Mount Annan Botanic Garden.