Croatia is located in south-eastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea,
Slovenia, Hungary, Serbian (part of Serbia and Montenegro), Bosnia-Hercegovina,
and Montenegrin (part of Serbia and Montenegro).
Once part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, until the close of World War I,
Croatia joined the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, becoming Yugoslavia in
1929. Yugoslavia was invaded during World War II and Croatia was made into a
fascist puppet-state named the Independent State of Croatia. After the defeat of
the Axis powers, Yugoslavia became a federal socialist state under Josip Broz
Tito. Although Croatia declared its independence from Yugoslavia in 1991, it
took four years of sporadic and often bitter fighting with the Serbs before the
end of the war in 1995. Peaceful reintegration of all rebel territories was
completed in 1998 under UN supervision.
Croatia is divided into 20 counties and the city district of the capital,
Zagreb. Official language is Croatian.