Located on the western side of Ross Island, Mount Erebus
(3,794 m) is the second highest volcano in Antarctica, the highest being Mount
Sidley (4,285 m). Whilst Mount Erebus is an active volcano, Ross Island is home
to three inactive volcanoes, Mount Bird, Mount Terra Nova, and notably Mount
Mount Erebus was discovered in 1841 by Sir James Clark Ross, who name
some of the peaks after his ships, Erebus and Terror. Mt Erebus is the most
active volcano in the southern hemisphere and is noted for its
convecting anorthoclase phonolite lava lake. Strombolian eruptions occur from
the surface of the lava lake. Erebus was a primordial Greek deity, personifying
darkness, one of the beings that came into existence from Chaos. In Greek
literature, Erebus also refers to a region in the underworld, through which the
dead had to pass after dying.
In 1979, the Air New Zealand sightseeing flight crashed into Mount Erebus,
killing all those on board.
Australian Government -
Australian Antarctic Division website lists
Australian tour operators for the Antarctic. For those planning to include
Macquarie Island World Heritage Area, information is available from the
Tasmania Parks & Wildlife Service.
Many thanks to Jennifer Cooke for sharing the story and images of
the wonderful tour she went on with Aurora Expeditions to Antarctica.
Source: Images courtesy of Jennifer Cooke