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Victoria, Australia

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Fact File - Victoria
Capital City: Melbourne.

Area: 227,420 square km.

Proportion of Australia: 3%.

Time Zone: 10 hours ahead of GMT.

Climate: Warm temperate with no dry season in the east and drier summers in the west.

Highest Point: Mount Bogong (1,986 m).
Victoria lies in the south-east corner of Australia. It is the nation’s largest city after Sydney. Other important urban centres include Geelong; the inland cities of Ballarat and Bendigo; the industrial towns of the Latrobe Valley, east of Melbourne; Albury-Wodonga and Shepparton-Kyabram-Rodney.

: Victoria occupies the south east corner of the continent between latitudes 34 and 39 south and longitudes 141 and 150 east. It covers 227 600 km2 - about the same area as England, Wales and Scotland; three-fifths of Japan and slightly larger than the US State of Utah.

About 36 per cent of Victoria is covered by forest with the major forest belt in the east. The highest peaks are Mt Bogong (1986 m) and Mt Feathertop (1,922 m). Victoria’s 1,800 km coastline borders on Bass Strait, which separates the mainland from Tasmania, and in the west on the Southern Ocean. It is a generally rugged coastline but includes many wide sandy beaches and three large, almost fully enclosed harbours. Melbourne and Geelong are on the shores of the most important of these harbours, Port Phillip Bay.

Climate: Temperatures vary widely but most of the State falls within the warm, temperate belt of the south-east corner of Australia, characterised by warm and dry summers and cool to mild, wet, winters.

Daily summer temperatures range from 14°C to 23°C in the coastal areas, 11°C to 20°C in the mountains and 16°C to 31°C inland. In winter, temperatures range from 7°C to 14°C in coastal areas, 0°C to 5°C in the mountains and 5°C to 16°C inland.

Snow settles on the Australian Alps in the north-east of Victoria from June to September. Rainfall is heaviest in the eastern highlands, in Gippsland in the east of the State and in the Otway Ranges in western Victoria. Some areas receive annual rainfalls of more than 1,000 mm. Lowest falls are in the Mallee region, where the average is 327 mm. Melbourne’s average rainfall is about 660 mm a year.

Source: Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, International Public Affairs Branch 1994

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