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Perth

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Perth - Cities, Towns and Localities
North East
• Guildford
• Henley Brook
• Swan Valley

South
• Fremantle

South-west
• Rockingham

East
• Kalamunda
• Mundaring
• Paulls Valley

West
• Scarborough

Perth Skyline ฉ Clifford ShiptonThe City of Perth is the capital city of Western Australia, and the nation’s largest state. With the Indian Ocean to the west and the ancient Darling Ranges to the east, most of WA’s 1.8 million people live in the greater metropolitan area of Perth, of which the City of Perth forms the nucleus.

It was Scottish Captain James Stirling who founded the City of Perth, as part of the Swan River Colony in 1829. Stirling thought the natural environment around Perth was ‘as beautiful as anything of this kind I had ever witnessed’ and advocated that a colony be established there. The British Government agreed to found the colony as the first free settlement in Australia, and the first settlers arrived in Western Australia in June 1829. 

The colony took its name from the black swans in the river. On 12 August, 1829, the felling of a tree marked the official foundation of the City of Perth, which Stirling named ‘Perth Town’ in honour of Perthshire in Scotland.

Laying claims to being the ‘sunniest state capital in Australia’, Perth appears to be isolated from the rest of the country, however, tourist continue to make Perth it's destination, flying in or enjoying the long distance treks from the neighbouring states and territories.

With a vibrant lifestyle that revolves around the Swan and Canning Rivers, Perth continues to evolve into one of Australia’s most popular and distinctive cities.

The City of Perth is divided into five distinct precincts, each with its own distinctive character and in easy reach of the city centre. The precincts include:
  • Swan Bells Tower housing St Martins in the Field Bells ฉ Clifford ShiptonCentral Business District
    together with St Georges Terrace is the main business area. The region includes arcades, shopping centres and malls such as Forrest Chase, Carillon City, Murray and Hay Street Malls. The northern part of the city is divided from the Northbridge region by the railway track. A number of Perth's cultural institutions can be found in the CBD.
     
  • Riverside
    The area straddles the river offering recreational activities and walking path ways which is a great way to take in the stunning views. The Point Fraser public recreation reserve at and Heirisson Island, with its resident Western Grey kangaroo colony are popular attractions in the district. Both are located at the eastern gateway to the City of Perth. One of the features of Heirisson Island is the Sculpture Park.
     
  • West Perth
    West Perth starts from King Street through to Thomas Street, encompassing West End and Kings Park. This area has designer shops, cafes and the very popular Kings park and Botanic Garden.
     
  • East Perth
     
  • Northbridge

The city centre is situated on a sweep of the Swan River, which borders the city to the south and east, the river also links Perth to its port of Fremantle. The western end of Perth rises to the wonderful Kings Park, which overlooks the city, then extends to the cosmopolitan Subiaco. Further west, suburbs extend as far as Scarborough and Cottesloe with many beaches along the Indian Ocean.

The railway line bounds the city centre on the northern side, with Northbridge immediately north of the line. Perth’s international and domestic airports are about 8 km east of the city, and 10 km apart. Buses and trains arrive at the Westrail Centre in East Perth.

Pictured is the Swan Bells Tower, housing the original bells from the St Martins in the Field Parish Church, Trafalgar Square, London one of England's most loved churches. The bells can still be rung and is a popular tourist attraction amongst the parks and gardens within Perth city centre.

For additional attractions, tours and other information visit the local tourism centre. The i-City Volunteer Hosts staff the City of Perth information Kiosk in the Murray Street Mall near Forrest Place, providing help to visitors in discovering the City of Perth.

Check out our listing of Perth Metropolitan accommodation. In addition to our listed online travel guide information, contact the local tourism visitor centre for your destination for more attractions, tours, local maps and other information.

Information Centre

Western Australia Visitor Centre
Ground Floor, Albert Facey House
Corner of Forrest Place and Wellington Street
PERTH WA 6000
Ph: 1300 361 351
Ph: +61 8 9483 1111 (Overseas Callers)
Fax:  +61 8 9481 0190
Email
Web: www.wavisitorcentre.com
Open — Kiosk Hours
Mon to Thu
Fri
09:30 am - 4:30 pm
09:30 am - 8:00 pm
Saturday
Sunday
09:30 am - 4:30 pm
12:00 pm - 4:30 pm
Kiosks are closed on public holidays
Hours may vary, contact visitor centre
Mundaring Tourism Visitor Centre
 
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Perth Distance

Distance to Perth
• Following are some approximate distances by road to Perth:
  Km
• Balingup 234
• Boyanup 188
• Boyup Brook 304
• Bridgetown 260
• Broome 2,228
• Burekup 171
• Byford 43
• Capel 202
• Cervantes 245
• Collie 205
• Dardanup 178
• Donnybrook 203
• Dwellingup 106
• Exmouth 1,260
• Fremantle 19
• Geraldton 424
• Greenbushes 244
• Harvey 151
  Km
• Jarrahdale 64
• Joondalup 28
• Kalgoorlie 594
• Karratha 1538
• Lancelin 128
• Manjimup 296
• Monkey Mia 838
• Mundijong 54
• Nannup 275
• Northcliffe 358
• Pemberton 328
• Pinjarra 96
• Port Hedland 1637
• Serpentine 64
• Walpole 415
• Tom Price 1457
• Waroona 121
• Yallingup 264
Distances given are only approximation, they should be verified with the appropriate maps.
The Australian Automotive Motoring Associations also offer select access to travel trip planners.
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Perth Maps

Council of the City of Perth • There is an interactive city map in the Visitor Services.
Bing Maps - Perth WA
Google Map
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Sources:
Photos: Perth Skyline; Swan Bells Tower housing St Martins in the Field Bells ฉ Clifford Shipton
Government House, Western Australia • About Government House - History
National Museum of Australia - Canberra • History Browser - James Stirling
City of Perth • About the City of Perth
 
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